Popular Career Options After 12th in Science

Popular Career Options After 12th in Science
eKal September 4, 2023 No Comments

Popular Career Options After 12th in Science


Class 12 is a crucial juncture for students. It is only after having passed your 12th that several career opportunities stand ahead. Students who took their secondary education from PCM get exposed to exciting courses that lead to lucrative job options across different fields.

For a long time, science students believed that either medicine or engineering were the only career options after grade 12. However, the scope is much broader than that. This article will discuss some popular career choices in engineering, medicine, computer science, data science, and artificial intelligence after completing 12th-grade Science.

Top Career Options After 12th Science (PCM) in 2023


Science students who are interested in medicine can choose the field of medicine. Becoming a doctor is a popular choice for Biology students. To become an expert in the medical field, you can pursue a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) degree.

Career opportunities in the medical field after 12th Science are pretty vast. One can pick up research, biotechnology, nursing, pharmaceutical, medical laboratory technology, or health care management. The field of medicine is competitive. Hence, scoring well and performing strongly in entrance exams like NEET is essential.

Popular Degrees/Courses for lucrative career opportunities in the medical field after 12th Science

  • Bachelor of Medicine (MBBS)
  • Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm)
  • Bachelor of Medical Lab Technology
  • Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS)
  • Tech in Biotechnology
  • Bachelor of Physiotherapy
  • Sc Forensic Science


Engineering is one of the most popular and diverse career options for students with Physics, Chemistry, and Maths (PCM) in 12th. Pursuing the best engineering courses after 12th Science can offer exposure to various specializations. For example, Computer Science, Mechanical, Space, Transportation, Civil, Electrical, Chemical, Technology, etc.

Choosing a particular course, among so many available options, depends on your interests and aptitude. Since the demand for engineering graduates is high in 2023, one can consider taking courses that align with current industry trends.

Best engineering courses after 12th Science include the following –

  • Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech)
  • Computer Science Engineering
  • Integrated M.Tech Programs
  • Robotics
  • AI Engineering
  • Diploma in Engineering

Computer Science and Informative Technology

At times, students pass out 12th with flying colors in PCM. But, they are inclined towards technology. Pursuing courses in Computer Science, Information Technology, or Software Engineering would be the right decision.

With the increasing demand for technology professionals, Computer science career paths after 12th Science are dynamic and lucrative. With a specialized course in CS, you can find yourselves in top career fields as a software developer, IT consultant, web developer, data analyst, etc.

Top Courses for a successful Computer science career paths after 12th Science

  • Bachelor of Computer Application (BCA)
  • Tech in Computer Science
  • Diploma in IT
  • BTech Cybersecurity
  • Diploma in Computer Programming
  • Bachelor of Engineering (B.E)
  • Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.)

Business and Management

Business & Management is not only meant for Commerce students. Science students with PCM or PCB in 12th can also pursue careers in business. If you have an entrepreneurial spirit and dedication to business operations and Management, several career opportunities await you.

, a BBA followed by an MBA helps students understand the basics of business management. These specializations also help students understand and explore various career paths in business and Management that meet their interests and job needs.

Best Business/Management courses after 12th Science include the following –

  • BCom in Accounting & Commerce
  • Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA)
  • BBA in International Business
  • Bachelor of Management Studies (BMS)
  • Sales and Marketing Course
  • Bachelor in Hotel Management (BHM)
  • Diploma Management Courses

Data Science

Data Science is a discipline that involves analyzing and interpreting complex data using scientific methods. Data science courses and careers after 12th Science can help you land high-salary jobs. With the increasing importance of data, companies need professionals who handle data analysis and mining. So, this is one of today’s students’ most prestigious career choices.

If you have a quick command of math and computer science, Data Science will be a fantastic career option. Data Science generally involves computer science skills to design analytical tools and create models. Pursuing courses relevant to this field after the 12th can lead to job roles as data analyst, data engineer, machine learning engineer, etc.

Data science courses and careers after 12th Science involve the following –

  • BSc Data Science Duration (Data Architect, Data Administrator, etc. job roles)
  • BTech Big Data Analytics (Data Scientist, Data Engineer, etc. job roles)
  • BS Degree in Data Science and Applications (Business Intelligence Manager, Data Analyst, etc. job roles)
  • BCA Data Science Duration
  • Advanced Certificate Programme in Data Science
  • Diploma in Data Science


Science students have another great career opportunity in the Humanities sector. If you are 12th-pass and are interested in subjects like history, Literature, philosophy, sociology, psychology, etc., humanities would be the top career path.

Humanities and Arts require excellent communication power, critical thinking, and research skills. It is also necessary that students who take courses in this particular field understand human behavior, government, and society, for this is much like Social Science.

Top courses/degree programs for Humanities career paths after 12th Science –

  • Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) in Humanities
  • Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) in Political Science
  • Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA)
  • Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) in English
  • Bachelor of Psychology
  • A. in Journalism and Mass Communication
  • Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) in Philosophy

Artificial Intelligence (AI)

AI, i.e., Artificial Intelligence, is the most popular career option for Science students after 12th. With the rapid growth in the field of robotics and artificial intelligence, Artificial intelligence degrees and jobs after 12th Science would be the best decision for such students who are interested in AI,

Artificial intelligence degrees and jobs after 12th Science include the following –

  • Tech Artificial Intelligence (Software Engineer, Application Developer, etc. job roles)
  • Bachelor of AI and Data Science (Research Scientist, BI Developer, Business Analyst, etc. job roles)
  • BE Artificial Intelligence (System Engineer, Data scientist, Data analyst, Research scientist, etc. job roles)
  • Diploma in Artificial Intelligence (Data scientist, Data analyst, Research scientist, User experience researcher, etc. job roles)
  • BTech in Artificial Intelligence (Software Engineer, Software Tester, Application Developer, etc. job roles)

Some Other Career Paths after 12th (Not-so-Popular, but Lucrative) for Science Students


Biotechnology is a field that combines biological and engineering skills to develop and design innovative products and processes for various industries. Students after taking 12th can consider taking up this career field. Biotechnology offers many favorable career opportunities in pharmaceuticals, agriculture, bioinformatics, etc.

Environmental Science

In 2023, the concern regarding the environment has grown to a great extent. Hence, a career in environmental Science is gaining importance. Suppose you take up courses like BSc. In environmental Science, Master of Science (M.Sc) in Environmental Science, Master of Science (M.Sc) in Conservation Biology, etc., you can work as an environmental specialist, environmental science teacher, marine biologist, etc.

Aviation and Aerospace

If you are interested in space and airplanes, consider taking courses like Bachelor of Science in Aviation, Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) degree of four-year duration, etc. These degrees can land you into top-paying careers, like pilots and aerospace engineers.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1. What are some of the most popular branches of Engineering?

Ans – IT, Software Engineering, Aerospace Engineering, CS, Mining Engineering, Power Engineering, etc.

Q2. If I’m a 12th-pass student interested in Science and humanities. Which career path is best?

Ans – Interdisciplinary Fields are career paths that allow students to explore careers in Science and humanities. Science Communication will be the right career path for you. Here, one can use scientific skills to knowledge to let the general people know about the complex ideas in Science via writing or media.


So, these were some of the top science field career options after 12th. Students are free to choose any of the choices above based on their interests and level of study.

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