How the State Government Works

How the State Government Works

• Government works at three levels-national, state and local.
• In states, it is the MLA (Member of Legislature Assembly) who represents the people. The MLAs enter the assembly and form the government.
• Every MLA is elected from one area. This area is known his constituency.
• A political party whose MLA’s won more than half the number of constituencies in the state get majority. The political party is called the ruling party.
• All the other members are called opposition.
• Working of the Government:
(i) The head of the state is the Governor while the head of the government consists of the council of ministers headed by the Chief Minister.
(ii) The leader of ruling party who forms the government is the Chief Minister.
(iii) All the MLA’s sit in a place called the Legislative Assembly.
(iv) The legislative assembly is a place where leaders debate and discuss on important issues and make important bills.
(v) In addition to legislative assembly, press conference is also a mode of knowing what the government does for the people.
(vi) The government works through various departments like public works department, agriculture, health and education.
(vii) The government has the power to make new laws for the state regarding health and sanitation.
(viii) Laws for the state are made by the state legislative assembly.
(ix) Laws for the country are made by the Union Parliament.

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